N. van der Linden PhD (Naomi)

About Me

I'm a health economist with a background in medicine (Drs.), clinical epidemiology (MSc.), organisational anthropology (BSc.), and health economics (MSc., PhD.). I'm passionate about realistically capturing the value of interventions, policies and systems in health economic models.

My main experience lies in oncology, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, and emergency medicine. I've also worked on projects in public health (climate, nutrition), nephrology, infectious diseases, and diagnostics.

One of my overarching interests is the use of real-world evidence to inform and improve healthcare financing.


Medicine & Life Sciences
Costs And Cost Analysis
Heart-Assist Devices
Northern Territory
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
Social Sciences
Medical Devices


van der Linden, M. C., van Loon-van Gaalen, M., Richards, J. R., van Woerden, G. , & van der Linden, N. (2023). Effects of process changes on emergency department crowding in a changing world: an interrupted time-series analysis. International journal of emergency medicine, 16(1), Article 6. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12245-023-00479-z
Campbell, M. , Linden, N. V. D., Gardner, K., Dickinson, H., Agostino, J., Dowden, M., O’Meara, I., Scolyer, M., Woerle, H., Viney, R., & Gool, K. V. (2022). Health care cost of crusted scabies in Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory, Australia. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 16(3), Article e0010288. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0010288
Linden, M. C. V. D. , van der Linden, N., Lam, R. C., Stap, P., Brand, C. L. V. D., Vermeulen, T., Jellema, K., & van den Wijngaard, I. R. (2021). Impact of ongoing centralization of acute stroke care from “drip and ship” into “direct-to-mothership” model in a Dutch urban area. Health policy, 125(8), 1040-1046. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2021.06.003
Wolff, H. B., Alberts, L. , Linden, N. V. D., Bongers, M. L., Verstegen, N. E., Lagerwaard, F. J., Hofman, F. N., Uyl-de Groot, C. A., Senan, S., Sharouni, S. Y. E., Kastelijn, E. A., Schramel, F. M. N. H., & Coupé, V. M. H. (2020). Cost-effectiveness of stereotactic body radiation therapy versus video assisted thoracic surgery in medically operable stage I non-small cell lung cancer: A modeling study. Lung cancer, 141, 89-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2020.01.011
Linden, M. C. V. D., van den Wijngaard, I. R., van Linden, S. , & van der Linden, N. (2020). Night-time confusion in an elderly woman post-stroke. BMJ Case Reports, 13(5). https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-230693
Linden, N. V. D., Zou, Y. (Ed.), Longden, T., Richards, J. R., Khursheed, M., Goddijn, W. M. T., Veelen, M. J. V., Khan, U. R., & Linden, M. C. V. D. (2019). The use of an ‘acclimatisation’ heatwave measure to compare temperature-related demand for emergency services in Australia, Botswana, Netherlands, Pakistan, and USA. PLoS ONE, 14(3), Article 0214242. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0214242
Linden, M. C. V. D., de Beaufort, R. A. Y., Meylaerts, S. A. G., Brand, C. L. V. D. , & van der Linden, N. (2019). The impact of medical specialist staffing on emergency department patient flow and satisfaction. European journal of emergency medicine, 26(1), 47-52. https://doi.org/10.1097/mej.0000000000000487
Linden, N. V. D., Althouse, B. (Ed.), Gool, K. V., Gardner, K., Dickinson, H., Agostino, J., Regan, D. G., Dowden, M., & Viney, R. (2019). A systematic review of scabies transmission models and data to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of scabies interventions. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 13(3), Article e0007182. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007182
Cutler, R. L., Torres-Robles, A., Wiecek, E., Drake, B. , Linden, N. V. D., Benrimoj, S. I., & Garcia-Cardenas, V. (2019). Pharmacist-led medication non-adherence intervention: reducing the economic burden placed on the Australian health care system. Patient Preference and Adherence, 853-862. https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S191482
Linden, M. C. V. D., Balk, F. J. E., van der Hoeven, B. J. H., van Loon, M., de Voeght, F. J. , & van der Linden, N. (2019). Emergency department care for patients with mental health problems, a longitudinal registry study and a before and after intervention study. International emergency nursing, 44, 14-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ienj.2019.02.003
Saing, S., Haywood, P. , Linden, N. V. D., Manipis, K., Meshcheriakova, E., & Goodall, S. (2019). Real-World Cost Effectiveness of Mandatory Folic Acid Fortification of Bread-Making Flour in Australia. Applied health economics and health policy, 17, 243-254. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40258-018-00454-3
Linden, M. C. V. D., Ufford, H. M. E. V. , & Linden, N. V. D. (2019). The impact of a multimodal intervention on emergency department crowding and patient flow. International journal of emergency medicine, 12, Article 21. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12245-019-0238-7
van der Linden, M. C., Rambach, A. H. , & van der Linden, N. (2018). Case report: A patient with malaria at the emergency department. International emergency nursing, 36, 63-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ienj.2017.07.006
Linden, M. C. V. D., Brand, C. L. V. D., Wijngaard, I. R. V. D., Beaufort, R. A. Y. D. , Linden, N. V. D., & Jellema, K. (2018). A dedicated neurologist at the emergency department during out-of-office hours decreases patients’ length of stay and admission percentages. Journal of neurology, 265, 535-541. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00415-018-8734-x
Linden, M. C. V. D., van Loon, M., Feemstra, N. S. F. , & van der Linden, N. (2018). Assessing bottlenecks in Emergency Department flow of patients with abdominal pain. International emergency nursing, 40, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ienj.2018.03.006
Phan, Y. H. L., Lourenco, R. D. A., Haas, M. , & Linden, N. V. D. (2018). Key considerations in reimbursement decision-making for multiple sclerosis drugs in Australia. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 25, 144-149. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2018.07.020
Linden, M. C. V. D., van Loon, M., Gaakeer, M. I., Richards, J. R., Derlet, R. W. , & van der Linden, N. (2018). A different crowd, a different crowding level? The predefined thresholds of crowding scales may not be optimal for all emergency departments. International emergency nursing, 41, 25-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ienj.2018.05.004

Contact Details

Visiting Address

University of Twente
Drienerlolaan 5
7522 NB Enschede
The Netherlands

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Mailing Address

University of Twente
P.O. Box 217
7500 AE Enschede
The Netherlands