dr. O. Kounadi (Rania)

Assistant Professor

About Me

I am an Assistant Professor in GIScience at the Department of Geo-information Processing. I am involved in the MSc in Geo-information Science and Earth Observation as well as to the research activities of the Spatio-Temporal Analytics, Maps and Processing research theme, with a focus on crowdsourced data and analytics.

Previously, I was a post-doc researcher at the Department of Geoinformatics - ZGIS, University of Salzburg. At the same department I finished my PhD studies in Applied Geoinformatics. My educational background is in Geographical Information Science (MSc at University College London) and Geography (BSc at Harokopeio University, Athens).

As a GIScientist and Geographer I examine where things happen (?) and what are their spatial relationships (?). By answering these two questions I learn what influences a phenomenon and what impact (spatial or other) it has on other phenomena. My application studies are human-centric such as privacy, crime, and safety. 


Areal Interpolation
Research Design
Spatial Data


My research interests:

  • Urban Safety - exploiting human-centric collective sensing data to understand, model, and predict urban safety.
  • Spatial Crime Analysis – with research stays at Department of Crime Science and Security (UCL - UK) and Department of Criminology (Temple University - US)
  • Fear of Crime – using social media data to sense people’s concerns about crime events by looking at the effects of the crime characteristics, location, and time.
  • Location privacy & Spatial Confidentiality – PhD work relates to confidential point data. Currently looking at guidelines Vs inference attacks for participatory sensing and geosocial network data.   
  • Dynamic Population Models- based on areal interpolation techniques and uses geosocial network data as ancillary 0Ddata. A significant co-variate to study: crime, health, transportation.


Kounadi, O., & Resch, B. (2018). A Geoprivacy by Design Guideline for Research Campaigns That Use Participatory Sensing Data. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics. DOI: 10.1177/1556264618759877
Leitner, M., Glasner, P., & Kounadi, O. (2018). Laws of Geography. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology Oxford University Press Inc.. DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190264079.013.325
Kounadi, O., Bowers, K., & Leitner, M. (2015). Crime Mapping On-line: Public Perception of Privacy Issues. European journal on criminal policy and research, 21(1), 167-190. DOI: 10.1007/s10610-014-9248-4
Kounadi, O., Lampoltshammer, T. J., Groff, E., Sitko, I., & Leitner, M. (2015). Exploring Twitter to Analyze the Public's Reaction Patterns to Recently Reported Homicides in London. PLoS ONE, 10(3). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121848
Kounadi, O., & Leitner, M. (2015). Defining a Threshold Value for Maximum Spatial Information Loss of Masked Geo-Data. ISPRS international journal of geo-information, 4(2), 572-590. DOI: 10.3390/ijgi4020572
Kounadi, O., & Leitner, M. (2014). Why Does Geoprivacy Matter? The Scientific Publication of Confidential Data Presented on Maps. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 9(4), 34-45. DOI: 10.1177/1556264614544103
Lampoltshammer, T. J., Kounadi, O., Sitko, I., & Hawelka, B. (2014). Sensing the public's reaction to crime news using the 'Links Correspondence Method'. Applied geography, 52, 57-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.04.016
Kounadi, O., Lampoltshammer, T. J., Leitner, M., & Heistracher, T. (2013). Accuracy and privacy aspects in free online reverse geocoding services. Cartography and geographic information science, 40(2), 140-153. DOI: 10.1080/15230406.2013.777138
Other Contributions

Conference Papers

  • Kounadi, O., & Resch, B. (2018, January). Towards geoprivacy guidelines for spatial data. In Adjunct Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Location Based Services (pp. 201-206). ETH Zurich.

Conference Presentations

  • Kounadi, O. (2014). Geoprivacy & sensitive crime data: presenting crime distributions on maps. 1st International Training Conference for Crime Analysts. Bad Waltersdorf, Austria,September 22-25, 2014.
  • Kounadi, O. (2014). Private geoinformation disclosure. Association of American Geographers' Annual Meeting. Tampa, April 8-12, 2014.
  • Kounadi, O., Basiouka, S. (2010). Geographic information systems in the hands of volunteers. The example of OpenStreetMap in London and Athens. 6th Panhellenic Conference HellasGIs. Athens, December 2-3, 2010. 

Conference Posters

  • Bannon, J., Kounadi, O. (2016). Geoprivacy methodologies to permit the safe use of nuclear security event data in a GIS application. IAEA International Conference on Nuclear Security: Commitment and Actions. Vienna, December 5-6, 2016.
  • Kounadi, O. (2014). Analysing twitter data to understand what affects the public’s interest on homicide incidents. GI_Forum 2014. Salzburg, July 1-4, 2014.
  • Kounadi, O., Lampoltshammer, T. (2012). Performance efficiency versus privacy protection in reverse geocoding services. GI_Forum 2012. Salzburg, July 3-6, 2012.

Other Publications

Co-edited journal volume

  • Resch, B., Zeile, P., Kounadi, O. (eds.) (2018). Crowdsourced Data and Social Media in Participatory Urban Planning. Special issue of Urban Planning, Vol. 3, no. 1. 
  • Kounadi, O., Belgiu, M., Leitner,  M.(eds.) (2014). Geographic information science: a multi-disciplinary and multi-paradigmatic discipline. Special issue of Cartography and Geographic Information Science, vol. 41, no. 3.

Invited presentations

  • Kounadi, O. (2014). Geoprivacy and discrete point data. University of Zagreb, Faculty of Geodesy, November, 17, 2014
  • Kounadi, O. (2014). Disclosure of confidential information on maps. Temple University, Department of Criminal Justice. Philadelphia, April 1, 2014.

UT Research Information System

Google Scholar Link



  • Spatial statistics, University of Salzburg, UNIGIS International, 2015 – 2018
  • Geographical Analysis, University of Salzburg, UNIGIS International, 2016 – 2018


  • Spatial Predictive Analytics, forecasting areas where events are more likely to occur. University of Salzburg, Departmenet of Geoinformatics, Fall 2017

Guest Lecturer

  • Lectures in GIScience, class on areal interpolation and population at risk of crime. University of Salzburg, Department of Geoinformatics, Summer 2017
  • Spatial Analysis of Crime - Concepts, Methods and Applications, class on geospatial privacy, University of Vienna, Department of Geography and Regional Research, Summer 2016
  • Spatial security and crime analysis, classes on geospatial privacy, Carinthia University of Applied Sciences, School of Geoinformation, Fall 2015, Fall 2016, & Fall 2017
  • Spatial analysis of crime and GI-Science based predictive analytics, classes on geospatial privacy, University of Salzburg, Department of Geoinformatics, Fall 2015
  • Lectures in GIScience, class on spatio-temporal analysis of reaction patterns using Twitter data. University of Salzburg, Department of Geoinformatics, Summer 2015 & Summer 2016
  • Mobile GIS. classes on location privacy. University of Zagreb, Faculty of Geodesy, Fall 2014
  • Spatial Databases, classes on spatial analysis of patterns. University of Zagreb, Faculty of Geodesy, Fall 2014
  • Selected Topics in Geoinformatics, class on private geoinformation disclosure. University of Salzburg, Department of Geoinformatics, Fall 2014 & Fall 2015

    Affiliated Study Programmes


    Contact Details

    Visiting Address

    University of Twente
    Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation
    ITC (building no. 75), room 1-063
    Hengelosestraat 99
    7514AE  Enschede
    The Netherlands

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    Mailing Address

    University of Twente
    Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation
    ITC  1-063
    P.O. Box 217
    7500 AE Enschede
    The Netherlands