V.M. van Bergeijk MSc (Vera)

PhD Candidate in wave overtopping

About Me

I started with my bachelor Physics at Utrecht University in 2012 and continued with a master in Meteorology, Physical Oceanography and Climate in 2015 in Utrecht as well. My master research project involved the modelling of the sand transport at Vejers beach in Demark. I obtained my master degree in September 2017 and started in October 2017 with my PhD at the University of Twente in the Water Engineering and Management group.

I am fascinated by the power of water, especially the force of waves and their strength to erode and transport materials. I like to apply my theoretical knowledge to practical problems in our water system and develop tools that are easy applicable.


Earth & Environmental Sciences
Wave Modeling
Engineering & Materials Science


This PhD project focusses on the modelling of wave overtopping erosion for flood defence reliability. During storms, waves overtop the dikes and cause erosion on the landward side of the dike. The erosion due to wave overtopping can lead to a dike breach. For this reason, it is important to determine the probability of dike failure due to wave overtopping. However, there is still a lot unknown about the wave overtopping process and its erosional effects.

The goal of the project is to gain better understanding of the wave overtopping flow and the erosion due to wave overtopping. In this project, an idealized wave model and a detailed hydrodynamic model will be developed to simulate the overtopping flow over the dike crest and the landward slope. These models will be coupled to an erosion model for the dike cover to investigate the erosional effects due to wave overtopping. This project focusses on the influence of transitions in dike cover and dike geometry on the overtopping flow and the overtopping erosion.


Pol, J. C., Kindermann, P., Van Der Krogt, M. G. , Van Bergeijk, V. M., Remmerswaal, G., Kanning, W., Jonkman, S. N., & Kok, M. (2022). The effect of interactions between failure mechanisms on the reliability of flood defenses. Reliability engineering & system safety, [108987]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ress.2022.108987
Warmink, J. J. , van Bergeijk, V. M. , Chen, W., van Gent, M. R. A. , & Hulscher, S. J. M. H. (2021). Modelling highly turbulent wave overtopping flows over flood defences. In Annual Report & Research Programme 2019 J.M. Burgerscentrum (pp. 29-31). JM Burgerscentrum.
Warmink, J. J. , van Bergeijk, V. M., Kriebel, M., Trul, H., Kuiper, C. , & Hulscher, S. J. M. H. (2021). The failure probability of grass erosion due to wave overtopping: A case study of the Afsluitdijk, The Netherlands. Paper presented at 4th European Conference on Flood Risk Management, FLOODrisk 2020, Virtual Conference, Hungary. https://doi.org/10.3311/FloodRisk2020.1.22

Google Scholar Link


Bachelor courses: 

- Water Management: Fluid Mechanics 1

- Water Management: Fluid Mechanics Practical

- Smart Cities: Multifunctional Flood Defences

- Safety and Risk in Deltas: Fluid Mechanics 2


Master courses:

- Hydraulic Engineering

Affiliated Study Programmes



Courses Academic Year  2021/2022

Contact Details

Visiting Address

University of Twente
Drienerlolaan 5
7522 NB Enschede
The Netherlands

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Mailing Address

University of Twente
P.O. Box 217
7500 AE Enschede
The Netherlands

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