- Building resilience by imagining the future using stories
Resilience is a relational concept, which concerns not only maintenance of well-being in the face of adversity, but extends to increased well-being and flourishing. From a social-ecological perspective, resilience is considered to be a context-specific process that includes control over the meaning of what and who is perceived as resilient. A narrative approach is particularly suited to address the meaning-making aspects of resilience, because stories offer the interpretive and evaluative context through which people construct their identities and actions. Future stories are less researched in relation to resilience, however these stories seem particularly apt to build resilience, because future stories function as meaning making devices which guide and motivate current thought and action. The potential of future stories to build resilience is studied in relation to various future treats, such as unemployment, acceleration of subjective time as part of high-tech developments, and mental health.
- Narrative methodology for (therapy) change process research
This research aims at developing tekst-based, automated (computerized) methods of analysis for therapy change process research. This methodological innovation to existing research methods enables 1) larger scale analysis that transcends in-depth single case studies; 2) greater complexity that allows inclusion of multiple, interacting processes; 3) monitoring change over time.
- Anne Marie Lohuis: Narratieve team-identiteit en professionele identiteit van zorgprofessionals in een zorginstelling gespecialiseerd in oplossingsgericht werken.
- Silvia Pol: Het gebruik van levensverhalen van mensen met een persoonlijkheidsproblemen in de geestelijke gezondheidszorg.
- Tom van Steenkiste: een visueel-narratieve studie van beelden van herstel bij mensen met langdurige psychische gezondheidsproblematiek en zorgprofessionals.
- Jacky van de Goor: Wonderful life: a novel, appreciative intervention to elicit meaning in life
- Sheila Adjiembaks: Levensverhalen van ‘resisters to crime’ en de relatie met veerkracht en zelfcontrole
UT Research Information System
- Module 6. Mental Health. Disorder and Story.
- Supervision of Master theses
- Supervision of Bachelor theses
What Works When for Whom
Mental illnesses, like depression and anxiety, are among the leading causes of the global burden of disease. E-mental health (EMH) interventions, i.e., web-based psychotherapy treatments, are increasingly used to improve access to psychotherapy for a wider audience. Whereas different EMH interventions tend to be equally effective, the responsiveness to a specific treatment shows large individual differences. Therefore, the personalization of treatments is seen as the major road for improvement. Because most EMH interventions use language for communication between counselors and clients, assessing language use provides an important avenue for opening the black box of what happens within therapy. Moreover, EMH makes data of the linguistic interactions between client and counselor available on an unprecedented large scale. The objective of this interdisciplinary proposal is to use e-science methods and tools, in particular natural language processing, visualization and multivariate analysis methods, to analyze patterns in therapy-related textual features in e-mail correspondence between counselor and client. By connecting patterns of known change indicators to therapy outcome, the question What Works When for Whom? can be answered, which will greatly improve the effectiveness of EMH. The core of the project concerns the development of integrated, modular software for the Dutch language, using data from six EMH-interventions with a total of 10.000 e-mails. These data are sufficiently large and varied to allow for computer-based modelling, and testing of use cases with varying complexity. At the end of the project, the step toward English language software will be made to increase the impact of the project.
Funding Agency: NWO/eScience
Principle Investigator: Anneke Sools
PhD-candidate: Wouter Smink
Postdoc Researcher: Janneke van der Zwaan
Project duration: 2016-2020
Narratives of bodily difference research project
The research project Narratives of bodily difference, funded by the Academy of Finland, aims at illuminating the challenges entailed by bodily difference from the perspective of those, who are different. Its starting point is a model of narrative circulation, according to which a person constructs in their mind an "inner narrative" of their life, taking into account the confines of their life situation and deploying model stories available in the cultural stock of stories. Moreover, a person attempts to enact thier inner narratives as "lived narrative" and shares parts of their stories with other people. Bodily difference hampers the narrative circulation in several ways. The constraints inherent in a certain form of difference in a certain social situations restrict the visions of what kind of life is possible, and the cultural stock of stories offers a limited array of story models for those with bodily differences. In addition, the experiences of being different are often difficult to narrate, and the "normal" audience is often reluctant to listen.
The project tries to identify the points in which the narrative circulation is hindered or constrained. At the first phase, it uses the life story data collected by Kynnys ry (Being disabled in Finland 2014), as well as philosophical texts on suffering and difference. Later on new data will be collected by interviews, focus group discussions and by narrative futuring workshops.
Funding Agency: Akademy of Finland
Principle Investigator: Vilma Hänninen
Postdoctoral researchers: Elisa Aaltola, Merja Tarvainen, and Hanna Pohjoja.