dr.ir. C. van der Tol (Christiaan)

Associate Professor

About Me

Christiaan van der Tol (1978) is an associate professor in 'Ecohydrology and Earth Observation' at the Water Resources department. His interest is in the relations between water, energy and other resources on Earth.

He obtained his MSc in Hydrology at Wageningen University (2001), and PhD in Earth Sciences at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (2007) with the thesis ‘Climatic Constaints on Cabon Assimilation and Transpiration of sub-Mediterranean forests’. He developed the ‘Soil-Canopy Observation of Photosynthesis and Energy fluxes’ (SCOPE) model, and worked on the interpretation of Solar Induced Chlorophyll fluorescence: https://github.com/christiaanvandertol


Earth & Environmental Sciences
Energy Flux
Agriculture & Biology
Radiative Transfer


  • ‘Soil-Canopy Observation of Photosynthesis and Energy fluxes’ (SCOPE) model
  • Radiative transfer and energy budgets of vegetation
  • Solar Induced Chlorophyll fluorescence
  • Vegetation structure and functioning
  • Energy dissipation pathways at the Earth surface
  • Rainfall interception, evaporation and transpiration
  • Photosynthesis and heat, water, and nutrient stress
  • FLEX satellite mission


Zeng, Y., Alidoost, F., Schilperoort, B., Liu, Y., Grootes, M. W., Wang, Y. , Song, Z. , Yu, D., Tang, E. , Han, Q. , van der Tol, C. , Zurita-Milla, R. , Yang, M. Y. , Girgin, S., Dzigan, Y. , & Su, Z. (2023). Towards an open digital twin of soil-plant system following Open Science . Abstract from EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria. https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu23-9786
Prikaziuk, E. , Ntakos, G., ten Den, T., Reidsma, P., van der Wal, T. , & van der Tol, C. (2022). Using the SCOPE model for potato growth, productivity and yield monitoring under different levels of nitrogen fertilization. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 114, [102997]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jag.2022.102997
Martini, D. (2022). Deciphering the factors relating sun-induced fluorescence to photosynthesis and transpiration in space and time. [PhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT, Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, University of Twente]. University of Twente, Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC). https://doi.org/10.3990/1.9789036554145
Berger, K., Machwitz, M., Kycko, M., Kefauver, S. C., Van Wittenberghe, S., Gerhards, M., Verrelst, J., Atzberger, C. , van der Tol, C., Damm, A., Rascher, U., Herrmann, I., Sobejano Paz, V., Fahrner, S., Pieruschka, R. , Prikaziuk, E., Buchaillot, M. L., Halabuk, A., Celesti, M., ... Schlerf, M. (2022). Multi-sensor spectral synergies for crop stress detection and monitoring in the optical domain: A review. Remote sensing of environment, 280, [113198]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2022.113198
Duarte Rocha, A., Vulova, S. , van der Tol, C., Förster, M., & Kleinschmit, B. (2022). Modelling hourly evapotranspiration in urban environments with SCOPE using open remote sensing and meteorological data. Hydrology and earth system sciences, 26(4), 1111-1129. https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-26-1111-2022
Martini, D., Sakowska, K., Wohlfahrt, G., Pacheco-Labrador, J. , van der Tol, C., Porcar-Castell, A., Magney, T. S., Carrara, A., Colombo, R., El-Madany, T. S., Gonzalez-Cascon, R., Martín, M. P., Julitta, T., Moreno, G., Rascher, U., Reichstein, M., Rossini, M., & Migliavacca, M. (2022). Heatwave breaks down the linearity between sun-induced fluorescence and gross primary production. New phytologist, 233(6), 2415-2428. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.17920
Malenovský, Z., Regaieg, O., Yin, T., Lauret, N., Guilleux, J., Chavanon, E., Duran, N., Janoutová, R., Delavois, A., Meynier, J., Medjdoub, G. , Yang, P. , Van Der Tol, C., Morton, D., Cook, B. D., & Gastellu-etchegorry, J. (2021). Discrete anisotropic radiative transfer modelling of solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: Structural impacts in geometrically explicit vegetation canopies. Remote sensing of environment, 263, 1-24. [112564]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2021.112564
Siegmann, B., Cendrero-mateo, M. P., Cogliati, S., Damm, A., Gamon, J., Herrera, D., Jedmowski, C., Junker-frohn, L. V., Kraska, T., Muller, O., Rademske, P. , Van Der Tol, C., Quiros-vargas, J. , Yang, P., & Rascher, U. (2021). Downscaling of far-red solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence of different crops from canopy to leaf level using a diurnal data set acquired by the airborne imaging spectrometer HyPlant. Remote sensing of environment, 264, 1-19. [112609]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2021.112609
Prikaziuk, E. (2021). Plant productivity and evaporation from remote sensing. [PhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT, Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, University of Twente]. University of Twente, Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC). https://doi.org/10.3990/1.9789036552578
Zhu, N. , Van Der Tol, C., Feng, A., Huang, L., & Wang, N. (2021). Mapping of biophysical and biochemical properties of coastal tidal wetland habitats with Landsat 8. Journal of applied remote sensing, 15(3), 1-17. [038508]. https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.15.038508
Pacheco-Labrador, J., El-Madany, T. S. , van der Tol, C., Martin, M. P., Gonzalez-Cascon, R., Perez-Priego, O., Guan, J., Moreno, G., Carrara, A., Reichstein, M., & Migliavacca, M. (2021). senSCOPE: Modeling mixed canopies combining green and brown senesced leaves. Evaluation in a Mediterranean Grassland. Remote sensing of environment, 257, 1-18. [112352]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2021.112352

UT Research Information System

Google Scholar Link


Christiaan van der Tol has supervised nearly 50 Msc research thesis projects on topics of remote sensing of water fluxes and vegetation processes. He coordinates the curriculum of the Water Resources specialization of the MSc course of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation. He also trains young researchers in (among others) the PhD training network TRuStEE.

Affiliated Study Programmes


Courses Academic Year  2022/2023

Courses in the current academic year are added at the moment they are finalised in the Osiris system. Therefore it is possible that the list is not yet complete for the whole academic year.

Courses Academic Year  2021/2022


My research projects funded by NWO and the EU focus on understanding the interactions between plants, hydrology and climate.


Current Projects

Contact Details

Visiting Address

University of Twente
Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation
ITC (building no. 75), room 5-147
Hengelosestraat 99
7514AE  Enschede
The Netherlands

Navigate to location

University of Twente
Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation
Langezijds (building no. 19), room 1102
Hallenweg 8
7522NH  Enschede
The Netherlands

Mailing Address

University of Twente
Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation
Langezijds  1102
P.O. Box 217
7500 AE Enschede
The Netherlands

Additional Contact Information