dr. I. Ibrahim (Imad)

Assistant Professor in Environmental Law and Governance

About Me

Imad Antoine Ibrahim is an Assistant Professor in Environmental Law & Governance at Department of Governance and Technology for Sustainability (CSTM), Faculty of Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences (BMS).

He has been working on global issues from a legal perspective for the last decade. He is currently involved in several projects in places such as Europe, South Africa, MENA region, Central Asia, and China.

In the past, he was a Non-Resident Research Fellow at the Center for Innovation in Gas Research and Utilization (CIGRU) & Institute of Water Security and Science (IWSS), West Virginia University, United States; a visiting researcher at the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), Washington, DC, United States, a Junior Fellow in the Global Research Network Think Tank, United Kingdom and an Early Stage Researcher at the Dutch Research Institute for Transitions (DRIFT), Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

He was also a resident research fellow at the Center for United Nations Constitutional Research – CUNCR, Brussels, Belgium and an Energy policy expert at the Lebanese Oil & Gas Initiative – LOGI, Beirut, Lebanon. He worked as an EU Commission Marie Curie Fellow at Tsinghua University School of Law, THCEREL—Center for Environmental, Natural Resources & Energy Law, at the CRAES—Chinese Research Academy on Environmental Sciences in Beijing (China) and at the Business School, Research Center for Climate Change and Trade and at Beijing Normal University.

He worked as a researcher in several European and Italian institutes and universities such as the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) and Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale, Novara. He was a trainee lawyer at Al Jad Law Firm reviewing international conventions related to energy.

He holds a Phd in Law from the Institute of Law, Politics and Development (DIRPOLIS), Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy; a Master in European Interdisciplinary Studies, from the College of Europe, Bruges, Belgium, and a Bachelor in Law from the Lebanese University “Filiere Francophone de Droit”, Beirut, Lebanon.




Ibrahim's research focuses on the interplay between environmental law and disruptive technologies (Artificial Intelligence, Big data, Blockchain...). He is an expert in water law, energy law and agriculture that he combines together in the context of Water-Energy-Food nexus. Overall, his research covers the following areas:

  • Natural Resources Law (Water, Energy, food and agriculture); International Public Law; Climate Change and Environmental Law; Technology Law (including Artificial Intelligence, Big Data and Blockchain), Environmental Protection and Sustainability; International Space Law; International Trade (including Non-Trade Concerns) and Intellectual Property Rights; International Human Rights law; International Organizations; Financial Technology & European Union Law; Fourth Industrial Revolution and Sustainable Development; International Business Law


Truby, J., Brown, R. D. , & Ibrahim, I. A. (2023). Regulatory options for vehicle telematics devices: balancing driver safety, data privacy and data security. International Review of Law, Computers and Technology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/13600869.2023.2242671
Ibrahim, I. A. (2023). The Fallacy of Disruptive Technologies and the Primacy of Politics: Sustainable Development Goals as an Example. In Technology and Sustainable Development: The Promise and Pitfalls of Techno-Solutionism (pp. 189-202). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003325086-14
Farah, P. D. , & Ibrahim, I. (2022). Water-energy-food nexus in international law: a legal analysis. In F. Brouwer (Ed.), Handbook on the Water-Energy-Food Nexus (pp. 381-397). Edward Elgar. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781839100550.00030
Truby, J., Brown, R. D. , Ibrahim, I. A., & Parellada, O. C. (2022). A Sandbox Approach to Regulating High-Risk Artificial Intelligence Applications. European journal of risk regulation, 13(2), 270-294. https://doi.org/10.1017/err.2021.52
Brown, R., Truby, J. , & Ibrahim, I. A. (2022). Mending Lacunas in the EU’s GDPR and Proposed Artificial Intelligence Regulation. European Studies: The Review of European Law, Economics and Politics, 9(1), 61-90. https://doi.org/10.2478/eustu-2022-0003
Ibrahim, I. A., & Zoppolato, D. G. (2021). Greening the Economy for the Sustainability Transition: An International Legal Perspective. In The Palgrave Handbook of Climate Resilient Societies (pp. 1649). Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-32811-5_115-1
ibrahim, I., Maljean-Dubois, S., & Owley, J. (2021). The Paris Agreement Compliance Mechanism: Preparing for COP 26 in Glasgow and Beyond. Wake Forest Law Review, 11, 147-160. Article 11.
ibrahim, I., Ötvös, T., Gilmanova, A., Rocca, E., Ghanem, C., & Wanat, M. (2021). International Energy Agency. Wolters Kluwer. https://kluwerlawonline.com/EncyclopediaChapter/IEL+Intergovernmental+Organizations/IGO20200001
Other Contributions



UT Research Information System

Google Scholar Link


  • Law part of IBA HOLI 
  • MEEM Sustainability & Law
  • HTHT minor 
  • Industry 4.0 Regulation 
  • Regulating Robotics and Drones / Smart rules & regimes 
  • Law and Technology
  • Water-Energy-Food Nexus
  • Natural Resources Law

Affiliated Study Programmes



Courses Academic Year  2023/2024

Courses in the current academic year are added at the moment they are finalised in the Osiris system. Therefore it is possible that the list is not yet complete for the whole academic year.

Courses Academic Year  2022/2023

Contact Details

Visiting Address

University of Twente
Drienerlolaan 5
7522 NB Enschede
The Netherlands

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Mailing Address

University of Twente
P.O. Box 217
7500 AE Enschede
The Netherlands