Imad Antoine Ibrahim is an Assistant Professor in Environmental Law & Governance at Department of Governance and Technology for Sustainability (CSTM), Faculty of Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences (BMS).

He has been working on global issues from a legal perspective for the last decade. He is currently involved in several projects in places such as Europe, South Africa, MENA region, Central Asia, and China.

In the past, he was a Non-Resident Research Fellow at the Center for Innovation in Gas Research and Utilization (CIGRU) & Institute of Water Security and Science (IWSS), West Virginia University, United States; a visiting researcher at the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), Washington, DC, United States, a Junior Fellow in the Global Research Network Think Tank, United Kingdom and an Early Stage Researcher at the Dutch Research Institute for Transitions (DRIFT), Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

He was also a resident research fellow at the Center for United Nations Constitutional Research – CUNCR, Brussels, Belgium and an Energy policy expert at the Lebanese Oil & Gas Initiative – LOGI, Beirut, Lebanon. He worked as an EU Commission Marie Curie Fellow at Tsinghua University School of Law, THCEREL—Center for Environmental, Natural Resources & Energy Law, at the CRAES—Chinese Research Academy on Environmental Sciences in Beijing (China) and at the Business School, Research Center for Climate Change and Trade and at Beijing Normal University.

He worked as a researcher in several European and Italian institutes and universities such as the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) and UniversitĂ  degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale, Novara. He was a trainee lawyer at Al Jad Law Firm reviewing international conventions related to energy.

He holds a Phd in Law from the Institute of Law, Politics and Development (DIRPOLIS), Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy; a Master in European Interdisciplinary Studies, from the College of Europe, Bruges, Belgium, and a Bachelor in Law from the Lebanese University “Filiere Francophone de Droit”, Beirut, Lebanon.


  • Social Sciences

    • Water
    • Legislation
    • Analysis
    • Law
    • Perspective
    • Artificial Intelligence
    • Technology
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance

    • Regulation


Ibrahim's research focuses on the interplay between environmental law and disruptive technologies (Artificial Intelligence, Big data, Blockchain...). He is an expert in water law, energy law and agriculture that he combines together in the context of Water-Energy-Food nexus. Overall, his research covers the following areas:

Natural Resources Law (Water, Energy, food and agriculture); International Public Law; Climate Change and Environmental Law; Technology Law (including Artificial Intelligence, Big Data and Blockchain), Environmental Protection and Sustainability; International Space Law; International Trade (including Non-Trade Concerns) and Intellectual Property Rights; International Human Rights law; International Organizations; Financial Technology & European Union Law; Fourth Industrial Revolution and Sustainable Development; International Business Law


The Challenge of Multi-Layer Regulatory Regimes on Transboundary Waters – Can a Community-of-Interests Approach Help? A Case Study of The Mekong, 22-32. Ibrahim, I. A.Urgenda vs. Juliana: Lessons for Future Climate Change Litigation Cases, 547-584. Farah, P. D. & Ibrahim, I. A. best to incorporate conjunctive water management into international water law: legal amendment, instrument coupling, or new protocol adoption?, 333-353. Ibrahim, I. A. & Lautze, J. the Principle of Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources from a Geographical Perspective: A Case Study of Transboundary Aquifers, 456-475. Ibrahim, I. A. Regulating the use of digital technologies in the agricultural sector, Article e483. Ibrahim, I. A. & Truby, J. M. of types of consumers (SUSTENANCE deliverable 3.5). University of Aalborg. Aukes, E. J., Ibrahim, I. A., Sanderink, L., Krozer, Y. & Coenen, F. Fallacy of Disruptive Technologies and the Primacy of Politics: Sustainable Development Goals as an ExampleIn Technology and Sustainable Development: The Promise and Pitfalls of Techno-Solutionism (pp. 189-202). Routledge. Ibrahim, I. A. transition and Sustainable Development Goal 7: a legal analysis in the context of the Arab world, 77-90. Ibrahim, I. A.
Governance in the era of Blockchain technology in Qatar: a roadmap and a manual for Trade Finance, 419-438. Ibrahim, I. A. & Truby, J. nexus in international law: a legal analysisIn Handbook on the Water-Energy-Food Nexus (pp. 381-397). Edward Elgar. Farah, P. D. & Ibrahim, I. Lacunas in the EU’s GDPR and Proposed Artificial Intelligence Regulation, 61-90. Brown, R., Truby, J. & Ibrahim, I. A. Sandbox Approach to Regulating High-Risk Artificial Intelligence Applications, 270-294. Truby, J., Brown, R. D., Ibrahim, I. A. & Parellada, O. C., climate damage, and death: Policy interventions to reduce the carbon emissions, mortality, and net-zero implications of non-fungible tokens and Bitcoin, Article 102499. Truby, J., Brown, R. D., Dahdal, A. & Ibrahim, I. Data Analytics and Its Impact on Basin Water Agreements and International Water Law: A Study of the Ramotswa Aquifer. Brill. Ibrahim, I., Brown, R. & Truby, J. as a human right, water as a commodity: can SDG6 be a compromise?, 469-493. Ibrahim, I. A. legal framework for shared water resources in the Arab World: is it really needed?, 512-539. Ibrahim, I. A. in the desert: is a cross-border ‘gulf box’ feasible?, 447-473. Truby, J., Dahdal, A. & Ibrahim, I. A.

Research profiles

  • Law part of IBA HOLI 
  • MEEM Sustainability & Law
  • HTHT minor 
  • Industry 4.0 Regulation 
  • Regulating Robotics and Drones / Smart rules & regimes 
  • Law and Technology
  • Water-Energy-Food Nexus
  • Natural Resources Law

Affiliated study programs

Courses academic year 2023/2024

Courses in the current academic year are added at the moment they are finalised in the Osiris system. Therefore it is possible that the list is not yet complete for the whole academic year.

Courses academic year 2022/2023

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