Maarten van Aalst is Director General and Chief Science Officer of the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) andĀ Permanent Representative of the Netherlands at the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO), the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF) and the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT). HeĀ is full professor of Climate and Disaster Resilience atĀ theĀ University of Twente's Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), with several PhD students working on climate risk management across time and spatial scales.

Prof van Aalst is a member of the European Scientific Advisory Board on Climate Change and was Coordinating Lead Author at the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeĀ Ā (AR6, AR5 and SREX). He is a Trustee at the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED).

Before coming to KNMI in February 2023, Prof van Aalst was director of the International Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre and held the Prinses Margriet Chair in Climate and Disaster Resilience at ITC. He was also adjoint Senior Research Scientist at the International Research Institute for Climate and Society at Columbia University in New York, and worked on climate risk management with, among others, the World Bank, the African Development Bank, UNDP and OECD.Ā He acted as expert on various bodies of UNFCCC, UNDRR and the UN Secretary Generalā€™s climate team. Prof van Aalst holds a PhD in atmospheric physics and chemistry from Utrecht University and the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry in Mainz.

Expertise

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences

    • Climate
    • Climate Change
    • Risk
    • Event
    • Flood
    • Adaptation
    • Rainfall
  • Social Sciences

    • Disasters

Organisations

Ancillary activities

  • International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)Member of Board of Trustees
  • IIED-EuropeSupervisory Board
  • European Scientific Advisory Board on Climate ChangeMember
  • Royal Netherlands Meteorological InstituteDirector-General and Chief Science Officer
  • Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ)Institute Advisory Committee (Instituutsadviesraad) NIOZ

Publications

2024
Detecting the human fingerprint in the summer 2022 western-central European soil droughtEarth System Dynamics, 15(1), 131-154. Schumacher, D. L., Zachariah, M., Otto, F., Barnes, C., Philip, S., Kew, S., Vahlberg, M., Singh, R., Heinrich, D., Arrighi, J., Van Aalst, M., Hauser, M., Hirschi, M., Bessenbacher, V., Gudmundsson, L., Beaudoing, H. K., Rodell, M., Li, S., Yang, W., ā€¦ Seneviratne, S. I.https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-15-131-2024Beyond the forecast: knowledge gaps to anticipate disasters in armed conflict areas with high forced displacementEnvironmental research letters, 19(2), Article 023001, 1-13. Jaime, C., Coughlan de Perez, E., Aalst, M. v. & Easton-Calabria, E.https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ad2023
2023
Attribution of the heavy rainfall events leading to severe flooding in Western Europe during July 2021Climatic change, 176(7), Article 90. Tradowsky, J. S., Philip, S. Y., Kreienkamp, F., Kew, S. F., Lorenz, P., Arrighi, J., Bettmann, T., Caluwaerts, S., Chan, S. C., De Cruz, L., de Vries, H., Demuth, N., Ferrone, A., Fischer, E. M., Fowler, H. J., Goergen, K., Heinrich, D., Henrichs, Y., Kaspar, F., ā€¦ Wanders, N.https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-023-03502-7Extreme heat alerts and impacts across Mozambique 2016 - 2022: Gathering evidence from media articlesIn 26th AGILE Conference on Geographic Information Science ā€œSpatial data for designā€, Article 11 (pp. 1-13). Copernicus. Pereira Marghidan, C., van Aalst, M. K., Blanford, J. I., Marrufo, T. & Maure, G.https://doi.org/10.5194/agile-giss-4-11-2023Heatwaves in Mozambique 1983ā€“2016: Characteristics, trends and city-level summaries using high-resolution CHIRTS-dailyWeather and climate extremes, 40, Article 100565. Pereira Marghidan, C., van Aalst, M., Blanford, J. I., Guigma, K., Pinto, I., Maure, G. & Marrufo, T.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wace.2023.100565Climate change increased extreme monsoon rainfall, flooding highly vulnerable communities in PakistanEnvironmental Research: Climate, 2(2), 025001. Otto, F. E. L., Zachariah, M., Saeed, F., Siddiqi, A., Kamil, S., Mushtaq, H., Arulalan, T., Achutarao, K., Chaithra, S. T., Barnes, C., Philip, S., Kew, S., Vautard, R., Koren, G., Pinto, I., Wolski, P., Vahlberg, M., Singh, R., Arrighi, J., ā€¦ Clarke, B.https://doi.org/10.1088/2752-5295/acbfd5Evaluating the explainability and performance of an elementary versus a statistical impact-based forecasting model. Sedhain, S., van den Homberg, M., Teklesadik, A., van Aalst, M. K. & Kerle, N.https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu23-11434Adaptation to compound climate risks: A systematic global stocktakeiScience, 26(2), Article 105926. Simpson, N. P., Williams, P. A., Mach, K. J., Berrang-Ford, L., Biesbroek, R., Haasnoot, M., Segnon, A. C., Campbell, D., Musah-Surugu, J. I., Joe, E. T., Nunbogu, A. M., Sabour, S., Meyer, A. L. S., Andrews, T. M., Singh, C., Siders, A. R., Lawrence, J., van Aalst, M. & Trisos, C. H.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2023.105926Can social protection tackle emerging risks from climate change, and how? A framework and a critical reviewClimate Risk Management, 40, Article 100501 (E-pub ahead of print/First online). Costella, C. V., van Aalst, M. K. & Georgiadou, P. Y.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2023.100501
2022
Rapid attribution analysis of the extraordinary heat wave on the Pacific coast of the US and Canada in June 2021Earth System Dynamics, 13(4), 1689-1713. Philip, S. Y., Kew, S. F., Van Oldenborgh, G. J., Anslow, F. S., Seneviratne, S. I., Vautard, R., Coumou, D., Ebi, K. L., Arrighi, J., Singh, R., van Aalst, M., Pereira Marghidan, C., Wehner, M., Yang, W., Li, S., Schumacher, D. L., Hauser, M., Bonnet, R., Luu, L. N., ā€¦ Otto, F. E. L.https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-13-1689-2022What was known: Weather forecast availability and communication in conflict-affected countriesInternational journal of disaster risk reduction, 83, Article 103421. Jaime, C., Coughlan de Perez, E., van Aalst, M., Raju, E. & Sheaffer, A.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2022.103421Limited role of climate change in extreme low rainfall associated with southern Madagascar food insecurity, 2019-21Environmental Research: Climate, Article 021003. Harrington, L. J., Wolski, P., Pinto, I., Ramarosandratana, A. M., Barimalala, R., vautard, r., Philip, S., Kew, S., Singh, R., Heinrich, D., Arrighi, J., Raju, E., Thalheimer, L., Razanakoto, T., van Aalst, M., Li, S., Bonnet, R., Yang, W., Otto, F. & Oldenborgh, G. J. v.https://doi.org/10.1088/2752-5295/aca695Ten new insights in climate science 2022Global Sustainability, 5, Article e20 (E-pub ahead of print/First online). Martin, M. A., Boakye, E. A., Boyd, E., Broadgate, W., Bustamante, M., Canadell, J. G., Carr, E. R., Chu, E. K., Cleugh, H., Csevár, S., Daoudy, M., De Bremond, A., Dhimal, M., Ebi, K. L., Edwards, C., Fuss, S., Girardin, M. P., Glavovic, B., Hebden, S., ā€¦ Zhao, Z. J.https://doi.org/10.1017/sus.2022.17Multiform flood risk in a rapidly changing world: what we do not do, what we should and why it mattersEnvironmental research letters, 17(8), Article 081001. Kruczkiewicz, A., Cian, F., Monasterolo, I., Di Baldassarre, G., Caldas, A., Royz, M., Glasscoe, M., Ranger, N. & van Aalst, M.https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac7ed9Managing multiple hazards: lessons from anticipatory humanitarian action for climate disasters during COVID-19Climate and development, 14(4), 374-388. Tozier De La Poterie, A., Clatworthy, Y., Easton-calabria, E., Coughlan De Perez, E., Lux, S. & Van Aalst, M.https://doi.org/10.1080/17565529.2021.1927659Assessing the spatio-temporal distribution of extreme heat events in Mozambique using the CHIRTS temperature dataset for 1983-2016.. Pereira Marghidan, C., Blanford, J. I., van Aalst, M. K., Guigma, K., Maure, G., Pinto, I., Arrighi, J. & Marrufo, T.https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6408101Epidemiological versus meteorological forecasts: Best practice for linking models to policymakingInternational Journal of Forecasting, 38(2), 521-526. Coughlan de Perez, E., Stephens, E., van Aalst, M., Bazo, J., Fournier-Tombs, E., Funk, S., Hess, J. J., Ranger, N. & Lowe, R.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijforecast.2021.08.003Planning for compound hazards during the COVID-19 pandemic: The role of climate information systemsBulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 103(3), 704-709 (E-pub ahead of print/First online). Zaitchik, B. F., Omumbo, J., Lowe, R., van Aalst, M., Anderson, L. O., Fischer, E., Norman, C., Robbins, J., Barciela, R., Trtanj, J., Von Borries, R. & Luterbacher, J.https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-21-0215.1Summary for PolicymakersIn Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Contribution of Working Group II to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (pp. 3-33). Cambridge University Press. Reckien, D. & van Aalst, M. K.https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009325844.001Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Technical Summary. Cambridge University Press. Reckien, D. & van Aalst, M. K.https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009325844.002

Research profiles

Courses academic year 2023/2024

Courses in the current academic year are added at the moment they are finalised in the Osiris system. Therefore it is possible that the list is not yet complete for the whole academic year.

Courses academic year 2022/2023

Internationally recognised expert on climate and disaster risk and resilience. Active in science, policy and practice, from early warning systems to global climate negotiations.

Director General of KNMI. Full professor in Climate and Disaster Resilience at ITC, University of Twente. Member of the European Scientific Advisory Board on Climate Change.

Former director of theĀ international Red Cross Red Crescent Climate CentreĀ and Coordinating Lead Author for theĀ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Co-founder of the World Weather Attribution consortium.

Address

Visiting address

University of Twente

Langezijds (building no. 19)
Hallenweg 8
7522 NH Enschede
Netherlands

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