dr. M. Muñoz Rojo (Miguel)

Guest Associate Professor

About Me

I received my PhD (2015) in Condensed Matter Physics & Nanotechnology from the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and M.S./B.S. in Physics from the Autonomous University of Madrid. I obtained a JAE pre-doctoral Fellowship from CSIC to study during my PhD how the reduction of dimensionality affects the transport properties of organic and inorganic thermoelectric materials. During this period of time, I carried out scientific stays at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (New York, USA), the University of Bordeaux (France) and the University of California Berkeley (USA). In 2012, I participated in the 62nd Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting in Physics after qualifying in an international competition among young talent scientists. From 2016 to 2018, I became a postdoctoral researcher at Stanford University, studying two dimensional (2D) materials and devices based on them for thermal, electrical, and thermoelectric applications. From 2018 to 2021 I was a Tenure Track Assistant Professor at Twente University. Since December 2021, I became senior researcher (tenured) at the National Research Council of Spain (CSIC) with double affiliation to the University of Twente as Associate Professor. My line of research focuses on thermal management, energy harvesting, nano- and micro-scale thermometry and thermal sensing. For current research activities, please visit my group page: https://sites.google.com/view/munozlab/home


Scanning Thermal Microscopy
Thermal Conductivity
Engineering & Materials Science
Hot Temperature
Microscopic Examination
Thermal Conductivity


Intro video about my research: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aVPl4_Mqw5Q 

Research web-page: https://sites.google.com/view/munozlab/home 

Webinar for the Electronic Device Society (EDS)-IEEE on Heat dissipation in electronic devices:  https://vimeo.com/444856607/7b5fc06aee 

Research Topics:

  • Nanotechnology
  • Thermometry from nanoscale resolution to cm-scale (Scanning Thermal Microscopy (SThM), 3ω-method, Infra-red, Raman thermometry, electro-thermal platforms, etc.)
  • Development of micro- and nano-thermal devices for thermal management applications
  • Heat flux and temperature sensors
  • Fabrication and structural, thermal and electrical characterization of thermoelectric materials for energy harvesting applications


Swoboda, T. , Gao, X. , Rosário, C. M. M., Hui, F., Zhu, K., Yuan, Y., Deshmukh, S., Köroǧlu, Ç., Pop, E., Lanza, M. , Hilgenkamp, H. , & Rojo, M. M. (2023). Spatially-Resolved Thermometry of Filamentary Nanoscale Hot Spots in TiO2 Resistive Random Access Memories to Address Device Variability. ACS Applied Electronic Materials, 5(9), 5025-5031. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaelm.3c00782
Swoboda, T., Wainstein, N., Deshmukh, S., Köroğlu, Ç. , Gao, X., Lanza, M. , Hilgenkamp, H., Pop, E., Yalon, E. , & Muñoz Rojo, M. (2023). Nanoscale temperature sensing of electronic devices with calibrated scanning thermal microscopy. Nanoscale, 15(15), 7139-7146. https://doi.org/10.1039/d3nr00343d
Bohaichuk, S. M., Kumar, S., Islam, M. , Muñoz Rojo, M., Williams, R. S., Pitner, G., Jeong, J., Samant, M. G., Parkin, S. S. P., & Pop, E. (2023). Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors Influencing the Dynamics of VO2 Mott Oscillators. Physical review applied, 19(4), Article 044028. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.19.044028
Zhu, K., Pazos, S., Aguirre, F., Shen, Y., Yuan, Y., Zheng, W., Alharbi, O., Villena, M. A., Fang, B., Li, X., Milozzi, A., Farronato, M. , Muñoz-Rojo, M., Wang, T., Li, R., Fariborzi, H., Roldan, J. B., Benstetter, G., Zhang, X., ... Lanza, M. (2023). Hybrid 2D–CMOS microchips for memristive applications. Nature, 618(7963), 57-62. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-023-05973-1
Swoboda, T. P. E. (2023). On the heat dissipation in micro-electronics and advanced thermal control devices. [PhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT, University of Twente]. University of Twente. https://doi.org/10.3990/1.9789036557740
Klinar, K., Vozel, K., Swoboda, T., Sojer, T. , Muñoz Rojo, M., & Kitanovski, A. (2022). Ferrofluidic thermal switch in a magnetocaloric device. iScience, 25(2), Article 103779. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2022.103779
Swoboda, T., Klinar, K., Kitanovski, A. , & Muñoz Rojo, M. (2021). Thermal diode based on a multilayer structure of phase change materials. Journal of physics: Conference series, 2116(1), Article 012115. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/2116/1/012115
Wainstein, N., Ankonina, G., Swoboda, T. P. E. , Muñoz Rojo, M., Kvatinsky, S., & Yalon, E. (2021). Indirectly Heated Switch as a Platform for Nanosecond Probing of Phase Transition Properties in Chalcogenides. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 68(3), 1298-1303. Article 9324993. https://doi.org/10.1109/TED.2020.3048100
Chen, M. E. , Rojo, M. M., Lian, F., Koeln, J., Sood, A., Bohaichuk, S. M., Neumann, C. M., Garrow, S. G., Goodson, K. E., Alleyne, A. G., & Pop, E. (2021). Graphene-based electromechanical thermal switches. 2D Materials, 8(3), Article 035055. https://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1583/abf08e
Klinar, K., Swoboda, T. , Rojo, M. M., & Kitanovski, A. (2021). Fluidic and Mechanical Thermal Control Devices. Advanced electronic materials, 7(3), Article 2000623. https://doi.org/10.1002/aelm.202000623
Swoboda, T., Klinar, K., Yalamarthy, A., Kitanovski, A. , & Muñoz Rojo, M. (2021). Solid-state thermal control devices. Advanced electronic materials, 7(3), Article 2000625. https://doi.org/10.1002/aelm.202000625
Klinar, K. , Muñoz Rojo, M., Kutnjak, Z., & Kitanovski, A. (2020). Toward a solid-state thermal diode for room-temperature magnetocaloric energy conversion. Journal of Applied Physics, 127(23), Article 234101. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0006120
Datye, I. , Muñoz Rojo, M., Yalon, E., Deshmukh, S., Mleczko, M., & Pop, E. (2020). Localized Heating and Switching in MoTe2 -Based Resistive Memory Devices. Nano letters, 20(2), 1461-1467. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b05272
Huang, W., Yang, Z., Kraman, M., Wang, Q. , Muñoz Rojo, M., Yalamarthy, A., Chen, V., Lian, F., Ni, J., Liu, S., Yu, H., Sang, L., Michaels, J., Sievers, D., Eden, G., Braun, P., Chen, Q., Gong, S., Senesky, D., ... Li, X. (2020). Monolithic mtesla-level magnetic induction by self-rolled-up membrane technology. Science advances, 6(3), Article eaay4508. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aay4508
Zhang, Y., Zhu, W., Hui, F., Lanza, M., Borca-Tasciuc, T. , & Muñoz Rojo, M. (2020). A Review on Principles and Applications of Scanning Thermal Microscopy (SThM). Advanced functional materials, 30(18), Article 1900892. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201900892
Xu, R. L. , Muñoz Rojo, M., Islam, SM., Sood, A., Vareskic, B., Katre, A., Mingo, N., Goodson, K. E., Grace Xing, H., Jena, D., & Pop, E. (2019). Thermal conductivity of crystalline AlN and the influence of atomic-scale defects. Journal of Applied Physics, 126(18), Article 185105. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5097172
Jiménez Reinosa, J. , Muñoz Rojo, M., del Campo, A., Martin Gonzalez, M., & Francisco Fernández, J. (2019). Highly efficient antimicrobial ceramics based on electrically charged interfaces. ACS applied materials & interfaces, 11(42), 39254-39262. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.9b10690
Vaziri, S., Yalon, E. , Muñoz Rojo, M., Suryavanshi, S. V., Zhang, H., McClellan, C. J., Bailey, C. S., Smithe, K. K. H., Gabourie, A. J., Chen, V., Deshmukh, S., Bendersky, L., Davydov, A. V., & Pop, E. (2019). Ultrahigh thermal isolation across heterogeneously layered two-dimensional materials. Science advances, 5(8), Article eaax1325. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aax1325
M. Bohaichuk, S. , Muñoz Rojo, M., Pitner, G., McClellan, C. J., Lian, F., Li, J., Jeong, J., Samant, M. G., Parkin, S. S. P., Wong, H. S. P., & Pop, E. (2019). Localized Triggering of the Insulator-Metal Transition in VO2 Using a Single Carbon Nanotube. ACS nano, 13(10), 11070-11077. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.9b03397
F Satterthwaite, P., S Yalamarthy, A., Vaziri, S. , Muñoz Rojo, M., Pop, E., & G Senesky, D. (2019). Process-Induced Anomalous Current Transport in Graphene/InA1N/GaN Heterostructured Diodes. In 2019 IEEE International Reliability Physics Symposium (IRPS) Article 8720465 IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/IRPS.2019.8720465
Saran Yalamarthy, A. , Muñoz Rojo, M., Bruefach, A., Boone, D., Dowling, K. M., Satterthwaite, P. F., Goldhaber-Gordon, D., Pop, E., & G. Senesky, D. (2019). Significant Phonon Drag Enables High Power Factor in the AlGaN/GaN Two-Dimensional Electron Gas. Nano letters, 19(6), 3770-3776. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b00901

UT Research Information System

Google Scholar Link


I am involved in the following courses:


  • Engineering Thermodynamics 1 (2018/19 & 2019/20)
  • Engineering Thermodynamics 2 (2019)
  • Energy and Heat Transfer (2018)

Courses Academic Year  2023/2024

Courses in the current academic year are added at the moment they are finalised in the Osiris system. Therefore it is possible that the list is not yet complete for the whole academic year.

Courses Academic Year  2022/2023



Current Projects

News on utwente.nl

- New Science Advances publication in collaboration with Prof. Pop (Stanford University) and Prof. Li (University of Illinois).

- Read Dr. Miguel Muñoz Rojo recent Science Advances publication in collaboration with Prof. Pop group at Stanford University and its news (Stanford news & Nature) about it!

- Dr. Miguel Muñoz Rojo was invited to give a talk at the Center for Research in Biological Chemistry and Molecular Materials (CiQUS) 

Dr. Miguel Muñoz Rojo gave an invited presentation at 12th European School on Molecular Nanoscience

Phonons & Reindeer - Dr. Miguel Muñoz Rojo´s Experience at EUROTHERM - A biennial Conference on electro-thermal transport phenomena.


Contact Details

Visiting Address

University of Twente
Faculty of Engineering Technology
Horst Complex (building no. 20)
De Horst 2
7522LW  Enschede
The Netherlands

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Mailing Address

University of Twente
Faculty of Engineering Technology
Horst Complex
P.O. Box 217
7500 AE Enschede
The Netherlands